Breast augmentation is a cosmetic procedure meant to restore the shape or increase the size of breasts. This is done by placing implants in the breast. For many years, many women have opted for breast augmentation procedures to increase their self confidence, outward appeal and also to improve breast asymmetry.

Types of Breast Implants

There are many options available for breast augmentation candidates. For one, silicon implant is a type which is prefilled with an elastic gel and comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. Because a silicon implant must be prefilled, a longer incision may be made. Saline implants on the other hand are normally prefilled with sterile salt water. They may be filled during the procedure therefore allowing for modifications. Also known as gummy, cohesive gel implants are filled with cohesive gel which makes them firmer and thicker. Fat transfer is a less common method where fat is extracted from thick fat areas like thighs through liposuction, refined and then injected into the breast.

How Breast Augmentation is Done

A potential patient, in this case an adult woman, has to be prepared before the procedure is done. Local anesthesia is administered for patient comfort followed by marking the areas to perform the incision. During the procedure, an inframammary, periareolar or transaxillary incisions may be made, the breast tissue is lifted and a pocket created. At this point, the implant may be inserted either under the pectoral muscle or beneath the breast tissue but over the pectoral muscle. The procedure is not done till the incision is stitched with sutures and skin surgical adhesives and the patient moved to recovery. When the procedure is performed correctly, the sutures and incision lines disappears leaving behind perfectly shaped breasts.

Risks and Limitations of Breast Augmentation

Cosmetic surgery though very successful has some drawbacks. Just like all types of surgeries, there are risks but in this case, they rarely occur. For instance, there is risk of scarring, negative reaction to anesthesia, hematoma, infection or even bleeding. Breast augmentation also has the risks of implant rupture, capsular contracture including the inability to screen for breast cancer cells. A radiologist with experience in taking X-rays of augmented breasts is recommended.

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